Scientific carbon dating
Positive feedbacks amplify the effects, and negative feedbacks diminish them. * The climate models included in the 2007 IPCC report are programmed with positive feedbacks for water vapor that more than double the warming effect of CO2. This is based upon the fact that warmer air evaporates more water, thus creating more water vapor, which is a greenhouse gas.  states that the feedbacks used in climate models are based upon “methods that …
do not allow any observational assessment” because many variables are involved, and “it is not possible …
We hereby release a random selection of correspondence, code, and documents.
Hopefully it will give some insight into the science and the people behind it.  Look at the instrumental record!
Oil shale occurs in Queensland, NSW, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia.
Tungsten has the highest melting point of all pure metals and together with its alloys is amongst the hardest of all metals.
I knew about fish that spend a good deal of time out of the water, and had heard of mudskippers.
I had no idea that males demonstrate their fitness through acrobatic flips and leaps, though.
as “an increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere,” either by “human industry and agriculture” or by natural causes like the Earth has “experienced numerous” times “through its history.” * Some writers use the phrases “global warming” and “climate change” to mean temperature changes strictly caused by human activity.   Other writers use adjectives such as “man-made” and “anthropogenic” to distinguish between human and non-human causes.  (“Anthropogenic” means “of human origin,” and “AGW” stands for “anthropogenic global warming.”) * Just Facts’ Standards of Credibility require the use of “language that is precise and unambiguous.” Hence, when human causes are stated or implied, this research uses terms like “man-made” and “human-induced.” * The greenhouse effect is a warming effect caused by certain gases that retain heat from sunlight. Without such gases, the average surface temperature of the Earth would be below freezing, and as explained by the , “life, as we know it, would not exist.” The global warming debate is centered upon whether added greenhouse gases released by human activity will overheat the Earth and cause harmful effects. * Human activities currently release about 37 billion metric tons of CO2 per year, which equates to about 5% of natural CO2 emissions.
All the while they have to keep their skin wet to enable oxygen absorption.
Nickel has relatively low electrical and thermal conductivities, has strength and toughness at elevated temperatures, is easily shaped into thin wires and flat sheets and is capable of being magnetised.
This graph, which is called a “spaghetti graph,” is constructed with data from 12 proxy studies spliced with instrument-measured surface temperatures (the dark black line): * The fifth IPCC report (2013) states that challenges persist in reconstructing temperatures before the time of the instrumental record “due to limitations of spatial sampling, uncertainties in individual proxy records and challenges associated with the statistical methods used to calibrate and integrate multi-proxy information.” This report contains the following spaghetti graphs of proxy studies spliced with instrument-measured surface temperatures (the black lines): * In 2009, an unknown individual(s) released more than 1,000 emails (many dealing with proxy studies) from the University of East Anglia’s Climatic Research Unit (CRU).
The materials were authored by some of the world’s leading climate scientists and accompanied by the following note: We feel that climate science is too important to be kept under wraps.
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It shows a “Medieval warm period” that was warmer than the present era and a “Little Ice Age” that was cooler.